Rome, the capital of Italy has been a major human settlement for almost three millennia. Rome is located in the central-western portion of the Italian Peninsula, along the shores of the River Tiber.
It was first called The Eternal City by the Roman poets, then Capital of the World. After the fall of the Empire,
Rome slowly fell under the political control of the Papacy, and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States,
which lasted until 1870. Almost all popes since Nicholas V (1447–1455) pursued a coherent architectural and urban development
over four hundred years, aimed at making the city the artistic and cultural centre of the world. Therefore, Rome became first
one of the major centres of the Renaissance, and then the birthplace of both the Baroque style and Neoclassicism.
Famous artists, painters, sculptors and architects made Rome the centre of their activity, creating masterpieces throughout the city.
In 1871, Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, which, in 1946, became the Italian Republic.
Mike and Alina explored Rome on September 30 and October 1-4, 2018.